According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, future climate change could irreversibly endanger sustainable development especially in the Mediterranean Basin, where Turkey is also located. Generally speaking, in Turkey, statistical records show a visible increase in average and minimal air temperatures with particular reference to the southern and southeastern regions. The annual mean temperature increase is estimated to be around 2-3°C. Precipitation is expected to decrease along the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts by 30% and to increase along the Black Sea coast by 10-20%. In sum, Turkey is highly vulnerable to desertification with 86.5% of its total land area. As regards climate change’s impact on water resources and agriculture, the decreasing water potential of the Gediz and Büyük Menderes River Basins in the Aegean Region is expected to reach 20% by 2030. In the Mediterranean Region, the increase of CO2 concentration, temperature and water stress in the Seyhan River basin may affect production of major crops like wheat and maize. As for the Black Sea Region, eutrophication, overfishing, and abrupt cooling and warming events can be traced back to the 1980s. Particularly on account of global warming, the migration routes of the fish in Turkey have also witnessed a change. Warming of sea water has led to anchovies finding refuge in the much cooler northern regions of the Black Sea. As anchovies diminish along the Turkish coasts, the main source of fish fodder also disappears. Coastal erosion along Turkish shores may yield about 6% of GNP for capital loss.
In this project the general objectives can be split in two main categories. The capacity building for participants and in the domain of informing, creating awareness and tools for information. The consortium will gather experts from the areas that the project will take place and will make activities to inform the public on the climate change, what individual and societal initiatives can take place in order to reduce the impact. People who were not previously informed about such matters will obtain knowledge and people that are aware and interested on the topic will be enriched with new tools and ideas to spread the information and the methodologies learned. On the other hand, online tools such as open source networking platforms will be created for awareness creation and the creation of a spillover effect of good practices, sustainability of the project’s initiatives and a constant renew of information that will last and after the project’s life span.