ASSESSMENT OF TOURISM EFFECTS ON GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF LOCAL TOURISM ACTORS: BERGAMA CASE
Ege University, Institute of Social Sciences, Human and Economic Geography Doctoral Programme, 35100,
In an area where tourism endures and starts to develop, its effects on economic and social
structure and its positive and negative aspects can clearly be observed. It is possible to
classify these effects as economic, social-cultural and environmental-ecological effects.
Within the context of positive and negative effects of tourism, substantial “visual” changes
may arise in natural and cultural geographical area. Thereby; while tourism can have a
“standardisation” effect on the area, it can also establish “unique tourism environments”.
Bergama is one of the most important districts for its development at cultural tourism in
İzmir. Rich in its cultural attractiveness, tourism in Bergama has brought forth to some visual
changes in town’s geographical area. “Functional” changes constitute the primary source of
these changes. Because, any regulation and innovation realized for tourism or tourist is
reflected directly on geographical landscape. For example; transportation services, historical
and recreational area design, lightning, souvenir shops, accommodation, food&beverage and
entertainment facilities, restoration studies etc. have created grave innovations/changes on
In this report; spatial changes in Bergama as a result of tourism will be analysed in time
scale taking the views of local tourism actors into consideration, reasons will be questioned
and critical approaches for obtained results will be put forward. In this way, it will be also
possible to determine the information and consciousness level of local tourism actors about
the role of tourism for changes on their local environment.
Keywords: Landscape, land use, tourism, spatial effect, Bergama, change.