According to the UN, global climate change is one of the biggest challenges of our age and its negative effects weaken the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. In this regard, it can be said that the survival of the biological support systems of many societies and planets is at risk. Climate change affects all living things on earth today and changes the balance of nature. While the disturbance of the balance of nature refers to the change and transformation of all living elements in it, it also means serious losses in the context of human welfare, ecosystem services and biodiversity. The Aegean Region and İzmir province are located in the Mediterranean (Mediterranean) Phytogeographic Region. In many studies on climate change, the Mediterranean Phytogeographic region is pointed out as one of the areas that will be most affected and damaged by climate change. Besides Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides of the coast and Izmir’s very important to have a strip of climate change impacts and Turkey makes it even more important both in terms of Izmir. In 2011, published in the National Climate Change Action Plan, the average annual temperature is projected to increase in the coming years in Turkey 2.5°-4°C (in Aegean Region 40C). It is estimated that Turkey’s near future with an uncertain climate. According to TEMA and WWF’s Report on Local Effects of Climate Change (2015), problems such as drought caused by climate change, decrease in agricultural productivity, increase in pressure on water resources, increase in meteorological disasters, shifts in seasons and current seasonal trends may be experienced in the Aegean Region. In addition, sudden and irregular changes in temperature and rainfall regimes due to climate change may cause an increase in forest fires, harmful plant and insect invasions, aridity and salinity in agricultural areas, erosion and soil loss for the Aegean region and İzmir. The decrease in the current situation of water resources will increase the health threats such as infection and epidemic due to the increase in problems such as heat stress, air pollution, floods and floods. Turkey is a country of many studies related to climate change. The Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan prepared after becoming a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2004 are examples of these studies. However, there is a need for studies that will specifically refer to behavior change. The proposed project basically provides individuals with the opportunity to instantly or periodically see and monitor the positive or negative effects of their behavior on climate change by using technology. Thus, it shows individuals that they can change things by changing their behavior. In this respect, there is no doubt that anthroponegic climate change is a reality, and if the temperature continues to rise even if the greenhouse gas emission ceases completely, it is necessary to combat the inevitable consequences of climate change and In order to adapt to this process, it is inevitable to take the necessary steps with a multi-sectoral and multi-regional perspective. Our project is a product of this inevitable process.
The overall objective of the FIHI-CCA Project is, to increase social resilience against local effects of climate change and improving adaptation to climate change through raising awareness on the urgency and importance of adapting to climate change and developing appropriate technology. The specific objective of project is to contribute increasing the resilience of İzmir and the protection of natural resources and ecosystem via providing training and research on adaptation to climate change, development and implementation of software related to climate change adaptation index and so on Internalizing adaptation to climate change. In order to achieve these goals of the project, in other words, to ensure that our region and then our country adapt to global climate change, it is necessary to establish an institutionalization, to carry out monitoring and implementation activities, and to produce solutions by defining risks accordingly. Monitoring and implementation involves the development of a “Climate Change Adaptation Index” in order to quantify the effects of ongoing climate change and the state of our social and individual adaptation capacity against these effects. This monitoring will make it easier to question the lifestyle both individually and as a society and to take steps that can change it. Smart phone app will be another tool to be used for this purpose. In this way, individuals will be given behaviors that will contribute to the adaptation of the city to the new climatic conditions and the contributions of individuals to climate adaptation will be measurable.